elf meaning in english

Yet Andersen also wrote about elvere in The Elfin Hill. [78] However, elves are frequently mentioned in the alliterating phrase Æsir ok Álfar ('Æsir and elves') and its variants. [28] Elves were certainly often seen as a cause of illness, and indeed the English word oaf seems to have originated as a form of elf: the word elf came to mean 'changeling left by an elf' and then, because changelings were noted for their failure to thrive, to its modern sense 'a fool, a stupid person; a large, clumsy man or boy'. [66], Like words for gods and men, the word elf is used in personal names where words for monsters and demons are not. [130] A 2006 and 2007 study by the University of Iceland's Faculty of Social Sciences revealed that many would not rule out the existence of elves and ghosts, a result similar to a 1974 survey by Erlendur Haraldsson. They have therefore played a major role in transmitting traditional ideas about elves in post-medieval cultures. [104] Accordingly, the German word Alpdruck (literally "elf-oppression") means "nightmare". Although this word took a variety of forms in different Old English dialects, these converged on the form elf during the Middle English period. Rossella Carnevali and Alice Masillo, ', Guide to the Names in The Lord of the Rings, "Verses versus the Vanir: Response to Simek's "Vanir Obituary", "Elves and Exorcism: Runic and Other Lead Amulets in Medieavl Popular Religion", "Novatoadvance.com, Chasing waterfalls ... and elves", "Icelandreview.com, Iceland Still Believes in Elves and Ghosts", A Brief History of Psychiatry in Islamic World, "Islam, Mental Health and Law: A General Overview", "An Ode on the Popular Superstitions of the Highlands. The Sagas of Icelanders, Bishops' sagas, and contemporary sagas, whose portrayal of the supernatural is generally restrained, rarely mention álfar, and then only in passing. An example is Andrew Lang's fairy tale Princess Nobody (1884), illustrated by Richard Doyle, where fairies are tiny people with butterfly wings, whereas elves are tiny people with red stocking caps. Although elfs may occasionally be found in print the accepted modern plural form of elf is elves. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'elf.' Skålgropar, a particular kind of petroglyph (pictogram on a rock) found in Scandinavia, were known in older times as älvkvarnar (elven mills), because it was believed elves had used them. [156] Elves bear some resemblances to the satyrs of Greek mythology, who were also regarded as woodland-dwelling mischief-makers. Accessed 20 Dec. 2020. 450-1100)-language text, Articles containing Old Norse-language text, Articles containing Old High German (ca. Accordingly, in the Brothers Grimm fairy tale Die Wichtelmänner (literally, "the little men"), the title protagonists are two tiny naked men who help a shoemaker in his work. Electron localization function, a concept in quantum mechanics; Extremely low frequency, the band of radio frequencies from 3 to 30 Hertz; Linguistics. Skuld was skilled in witchcraft (seiðr). Tagalog Translation | Tagalog Dictionary | Say It! [120], In Scandinavian folklore, a diverse array of humanlike supernatural beings are attested which might be thought of as elves and which might partly originate in medieval Scandinavian beliefs. English American English. Thank you! [126], Elves have a prominent place in a number of closely related ballads which must have originated in the Middle Ages but are first attested in the early modern period. [138][140] In the same vein, Johann Gottfried Herder translated the Danish ballad Elveskud in his 1778 collection of folk songs, Stimmen der Völker in Liedern, as "Erlkönigs Tochter" ("The Erl-king's Daughter"; it appears that Herder introduced the term Erlkönig into German through a mis-Germanisation of the Danish word for elf). During the Old English period, separate forms were used for female elves (such as ælfen, putatively from common Germanic *), but during the Middle English period the word elf came routinely to include female beings. [2] However, elves have in many times and places been believed to be real beings. Lysanor ... Livi and Alva are less popular picks bearing the popular meaning, and both have the in-demand V sound within them. [35][36] These words must come from Common Germanic, the ancestor-language of English, German, and the Scandinavian languages: the Common Germanic forms must have been *ɑlβi-z and ɑlβɑ-z. The elves in this story are more alike those of traditional Danish folklore, who were beautiful females, living in hills and boulders, capable of dancing a man to death. [26][27][5], Scholars have at times also tried to explain beliefs in elves as being inspired by people suffering certain kinds of illnesses (such as Williams syndrome). elf /elf/ noun (plural elves /elvz/) [ countable] an imaginary creature like a small person with pointed ears and magical powers → fairy, pixie Examples from the Corpus elf • Twoflower had always wanted to meet an elf. Elf [elf] Bhoot : بھوت: Jin: جن: Definitions of Elf. [35][37], Germanic *ɑlβi-z~*ɑlβɑ-z is generally agreed to be a cognate with Latin albus ('(matt) white'); Old Irish ailbhín ('flock'); Greek alphoús ('white'; ἀλφούς); Albanian elb ('barley'); and Germanic words for 'swan' such as Modern Icelandic álpt. The "Christmas elves" of contemporary popular culture are a relatively recent creation, popularized during the late nineteenth-century in the United States. [114][115], From around the Late Middle Ages, the word elf began to be used in English as a term loosely synonymous with the French loan-word fairy;[117] in elite art and literature, at least, it also became associated with diminutive supernatural beings like Puck, hobgoblins, Robin Goodfellow, the English and Scots brownie, and the Northumbrian English hob. [81] Sigvatr Þórðarson's skaldic travelogue Austrfaravísur, composed around 1020, mentions an álfablót ('elves' sacrifice') in Edskogen in what is now southern Sweden. Thus, the alf found in the fairy tale The Elf of the Rose by Danish author Hans Christian Andersen is so tiny he can have a rose blossom for home, and "wings that reached from his shoulders to his feet". The elves could be seen dancing over meadows, particularly at night and on misty mornings. Although this word took a variety of forms in different Old English dialects, these converged on the form elf during the Middle English period. thanks. [94][95], The Kings' sagas include a rather elliptical but widely studied account of an early Swedish king being worshipped after his death and being called Ólafr Geirstaðaálfr ('Ólafr the elf of Geirstaðir'), and a demonic elf at the beginning of Norna-Gests þáttr. Most popular is Avery, the unisex darling meaning “elf counsel.” Aubrey, meaning “elf ruler,” is close behind, followed by Alfredo and Alvin, both meaning “elf.” In Māori culture, Patupaiarehe are beings similar to European elves and fairies. English-Tagalog Online Translator Write Word or Sentence (max 1,000 chars): English to Tagalog. English . [111] Correspondingly, in the early modern period, elves are described in north Germany doing the evil bidding of witches; Martin Luther believed his mother to have been afflicted in this way. Like the huldra in Norway and Sweden, they are hollow when seen from the back. This was encouraged by the idea that "elf-shot" is depicted in the Eadwine Psalter, in an image which became well known in this connection. Typically, elf circles were fairy rings consisting of a ring of small mushrooms, but there was also another kind of elf circle. However, almost all surviving textual sources about elves were produced by Christians (whether Anglo-Saxon monks, medieval Icelandic poets, early modern ballad-singers, nineteenth-century folklore collectors, or even twentieth-century fantasy authors). ইংরেজি - বাংলা Online অভিধান। Providing the maximum meaning of a … Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. [82] There does not seem to have been any clear-cut distinction between humans and gods; like the Æsir, then, elves were presumably thought of as being humanlike and existing in opposition to the giants. In the words of the local historian Anne Marie Hellström: ... on lake shores, where the forest met the lake, you could find elf circles. [101][102][103], The Old High German word alp is attested only in a small number of glosses. [91] As his most prominent deed in the poem is to rape Böðvildr, the poem associates elves with being a sexual threat to maidens. With Reverso you can find the English translation, definition or synonym for elf and thousands of other words. [29] However, it again seems unlikely that the origin of beliefs in elves itself is to be explained by people's encounters with objectively real people affected by disease. This follows the common method of pluralizing nouns in English ending in an –f (shelf/shelves, calf/calves). Still, beliefs in elves persisted in the early modern period, particularly in Scotland and Scandinavia, where elves were thought of as magically powerful people living, usually invisibly, alongside everyday human communities. … British linguist Jennifer … [3] Accordingly, beliefs about elves and their social functions have varied over time and space.[4]. She is described as a beautiful old woman and by her aspect people saw that she belonged to the subterraneans. These associate elves variously with the gods of Norse mythology, with causing illness, with magic, and with beauty and seduction. James VI of Scotland and Robert Kirk discussed elves seriously; elf beliefs are prominently attested in the Scottish witchcraft trials, particularly the trial of Issobel Gowdie; and related stories also appear in folktales,[119] There is a significant corpus of ballads narrating stories about elves, such as Thomas the Rhymer, where a man meets a female elf; Tam Lin, The Elfin Knight, and Lady Isabel and the Elf-Knight, in which an Elf-Knight rapes, seduces, or abducts a woman; and The Queen of Elfland's Nourice, a woman is abducted to be a wet-nurse to the elf-queen's baby, but promised that she may return home once the child is weaned. Define elf. Unknown . [92] Elves also appear in a couple of verse spells, including the Bergen rune-charm from among the Bryggen inscriptions. Loriel: English . We hope this will help you in learning languages. Send us feedback. The most famous of the medical texts is the metrical charm Wið færstice ("against a stabbing pain"), from the tenth-century compilation Lacnunga, but most of the attestations are in the tenth-century Bald's Leechbook and Leechbook III. These names suggest that elves were positively regarded in early Germanic culture. [151][152] The equivalent term in modern Welsh is Tylwyth Teg. April 1, 2020 at 6:04 am . My choice was the name Alea but i changed it into Aleah bc that was more helpful in my opinion! English . Aerin is a cool Elvish name that comes from the Tolkien language. Ultimately probably derived from Proto-Indo-European *h₂elbʰós (“ white ”). They occur most often in oral narratives and news reporting in which they disrupt house- and road-building. Orang bunian are supernatural beings in Malaysian, Bruneian and Indonesian folklore,[163] invisible to most humans except those with spiritual sight. They inhabit natural features like mountains, forests, old trees, caves, reefs, etc., as well as personify abstract concepts and natural phenomena. Top ELF acronym definition related to defence: English Language Framework Another word for Opposite of Meaning of Rhymes with Sentences with Find word forms Translate from English Translate to English Words With Friends Scrabble Crossword / Codeword Words starting with Words ending with Words containing exactly Words containing letters Pronounce Find conjugations Find names Humans being invited or lured to the elf dance is a common motif transferred from older Scandinavian ballads. Jakob Grimm thought whiteness implied positive moral connotations, and, noting Snorri Sturluson's ljósálfar, suggested that elves were divinities of light. [38], A completely different etymology, making elf a cognate with the Rbhus, semi-divine craftsmen in Indian mythology, was also suggested by Kuhn, in 1855. In The Queen of Elfland's Nourice, a woman is abducted to be a wet nurse to the elf-queen's baby, but promised that she may return home once the child is weaned. See more. You can complete the translation of elf given by the English-French Collins dictionary with other dictionaries such as: Wikipedia, Lexilogos, Larousse dictionary, Le Robert, Oxford, Grévisse. However, where narratives are more human-centered, as in The Lord of the Rings, elves tend to sustain their role as powerful, sometimes threatening, outsiders. elf definition: 1. an imaginary being, often like a small person with pointed ears, in popular stories 2…. [42] German examples are Alberich, Alphart and Alphere (father of Walter of Aquitaine)[43][44] and Icelandic examples include Álfhildur. [129] The second form was an ordinary cross carved onto a round or oblong silver plate. Accordingly, investigating the relationship between beliefs in elves and Christian cosmology has been a preoccupation of scholarship about elves both in early times and in modern research.[8]. Written by the late William Collins", "Getting Shot of Elves: Healing, Witchcraft and Fairies in the Scottish Witchcraft Trials", "Elves on the Brain: Chaucer, Old English and, "Magic, Miracle, and Popular Practice in the Early Medieval West: Anglo-Saxon England", "Elves in the Psalms? Delivered to your inbox! Given the link between Freyr and the elves, it has therefore long been suspected that álfar and Vanir are, more or less, different words for the same group of beings. For example, there are prayers which invoke God's help against nocturnal attacks by Alpe. Science. Accounts of Skuld in earlier sources, however, do not include this material. Elves definition is - plural of elf. The idea also occurs in later traditions in Scandinavia and beyond, so it may be an early attestation of a prominent tradition. The following table summarises the situation in the main modern standard languages of Scandinavia. Some of the early modern ballads, indeed, are still quite widely known, whether through school syllabuses or modern folk music. The Germanic word presumably originally meant "white one", perhaps as a euphemism. abbr. [1] However, the details of these beliefs have varied considerably over time and space, and have flourished in both pre-Christian and Christian cultures. This follows the common method of pluralizing nouns in English ending in an –f (shelf/shelves, calf/calves). [141], In Scandinavia too, in the nineteenth century, traditions of elves were adapted to include small, insect-winged fairies. They therefore give people an unusual degree of access to ideas of elves from older traditional culture. However, it was his little helpers, inspired partly by folktales like The Elves and the Shoemaker, who became known as "Santa's elves"; the processes through which this came about are not well-understood, but one key figure was a Christmas-related publication by the German-American cartoonist Thomas Nast. However, these words are attested only in the Prose Edda and texts based on it, and it is now agreed that they reflect traditions of dwarves, demons, and angels, partly showing Snorri's "paganisation" of a Christian cosmology learned from the Elucidarius, a popular digest of Christian thought. It is defined by the Althochdeutsches Wörterbuch as a "nature-god or nature-demon, equated with the Fauns of Classical mythology ... regarded as eerie, ferocious beings ... As the mare he messes around with women". [133], Folk stories told in the nineteenth century about elves are still told in modern Denmark and Sweden, but now feature ethnic minorities in place of elves in an essentially racist discourse. An elf (plural: elves) is a type of humanlike supernatural being in Germanic mythology and folklore. The noun elf-shot is actually first attested in a Scots poem, "Rowlis Cursing", from around 1500, where "elf schot" is listed among a range of curses to be inflicted on some chicken thieves. The plural form of elf is elves. noun Word forms: plural elves (ɛlvz) 1. [120] Many of these ballads are first attested in Karen Brahes Folio, a Danish manuscript from the 1570s, but they circulated widely in Scandinavia and northern Britain. However, the characteristics and names of these beings have varied widely across time and space, and they cannot be neatly categorised. [158] Some of the comparisons are quite precise: for example, the root of the word jinn was used in medieval Arabic terms for madness and possession in similar ways to the Old English word ylfig,[159] which was derived from elf and also denoted prophetic states of mind implicitly associated with elfish possession. It is one of the cool elf names. While often mentioned, this etymology is not widely accepted. For this reason, belief in elves has, from the Middle Ages through into recent scholarship, often been labelled "pagan" and a "superstition". Elf meaning in Bengali - ছোট পরী বিশেষ; | English – Bangla & English (E2B) Online Dictionary. Police video of the incident showed the officer in his, Another new company, Santa: The Experience, offers parents a video tour, hosted by an, Melissa Villaseñor and Mikey Day bring their daughter to a virtual contactless, In this different kind of puzzle, Dudás encourages his fans to find the, Fundraiser for Tinley Wish; $10 donation gets you an, Through Santa — The Experience, customers who reserve a time slot will be taken through five scenes guided by an, Listen to a story, write a letter to Santa, learning how to make sugar cookie icing and. [67] Just as álfar is associated with Æsir in Old Norse, the Old English Wið færstice associates elves with ēse; whatever this word meant by the tenth century, etymologically it denoted pagan gods. [97][98] According to Hrólfs saga kraka, Hrolfr Kraki's half-sister Skuld was the half-elven child of King Helgi and an elf-woman (álfkona). Kevyn Burger Special To The Star Tribune, We Got You This Article on 'Gift' vs. 'Present'. The Experience of Evil from a Cosmic Perspective", "Die sprachvergleichung und die urgeschichte der indogermanischen völker", "Light-elves, Dark-elves, and Others: Tolkien's Elvish Problem", Sacred trees and groves in Germanic paganism and mythology, Mythological Norse people, items and places, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Elf&oldid=995336803, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2020, Articles with dead external links from December 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from December 2016, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles containing Old English (ca. Tolkien's writing had such influence that in the 1960s and afterwards, elves speaking an elvish language similar to those in Tolkien's novels became staple non-human characters in high fantasy works and in fantasy role-playing games. The same idea is present in two post-classical Eddaic poems, which are also influenced by chivalric romance or Breton lais, Kötludraumur and Gullkársljóð. We hope this will help you in learning languages. Also surviving are the English surname Elgar (Ælfgar, "elf-spear") and the name of St Alphege (Ælfhēah, "elf-tall"). All Free. [47], The earliest surviving manuscripts mentioning elves in any Germanic language are from Anglo-Saxon England. Elf names for boys aren’t always obvious, with elfin meanings are more common than you’d think. There is also evidence associating elves with illness, specifically epilepsy. [118] Here Edmund Spenser's Faerie Queene (1590–) used fairy and elf interchangeably of human-sized beings, but they are complex, imaginary and allegorical figures. They were round places where the grass had been flattened like a floor. [93], The appearance of elves in sagas is closely defined by genre. However, in the modern languages, traditional terms related to álfr have tended to be replaced with other terms. The Þiðreks saga version of the Nibelungen (Niflungar) describes Högni as the son of a human queen and an elf, but no such lineage is reported in the Eddas, Völsunga saga, or the Nibelungenlied. Learn a new word every day. [144][143] Thus in the US, Canada, UK, and Ireland, the modern children's folklore of Santa Claus typically includes small, nimble, green-clad elves with pointy ears, long noses, and pointy hats, as Santa's helpers. [105], In a similar vein, elves are in Middle German most often associated with deceiving or bewildering people in a phrase that occurs so often it would appear to be proverbial: die elben/der alp trieget mich ("the elves/elf are/is deceiving me"). The Urdu Word جن Meaning in English is Elf. They are said to be gifted in magic, mentally sharp and lovers of nature, art, and song. web admin. With urbanisation and industrialisation in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, beliefs in elves declined rapidly (though Iceland has some claim to continued popular belief in elves). The other similar words are Bhoot and Jin. Looking for online definition of ELF or what ELF stands for? In particular, nineteenth-century scholars tended to think that the dwarf Alberich, whose name etymologically means "elf-powerful", was influenced by early traditions of elves. A propensity to seduce or rape people becomes increasingly prominent in the source material. ), the plural of which was *elfenna, -elfen, from Proto-Germanic *albinjo-. [143], The fantasy genre in the twentieth century grew out of nineteenth-century Romanticism, in which nineteenth-century scholars such as Andrew Lang and the Grimm brothers collected fairy stories from folklore and in some cases retold them freely. April 1, 2020 at 8:06 pm. They can be mischievous and cause unintentional harm to humans, but they can also deliberately cause illnesses and misfortunes when disrespected or angered. Medieval English evidence has, therefore, attracted quite extensive research and debate. Elves appear as demonic forces widely in medieval and early modern English, German, and Scandinavian prayers. AVERY: English surname transferred to unisex forename use, derived from the Middle English personal name Alfred, meaning "elf counsel." English to Tagalog. Of the many words for supernatural beings in Germanic languages, the only ones regularly used in personal names are elf and words denoting pagan gods, suggesting that elves were considered similar to gods. 93 ], some scholarship draws parallels between the Arabian tradition of jinn with gods. Each country influencing the other explanations are valid word جن meaning in Bengali - ছোট বিশেষ. Considered objectively real بھوت: Jin: جن: Definitions of elf is elves with chivalric. Being given to Freyr in Grímnismál picks bearing the popular meaning, and has the meaning of being ocean... However, this etymology is not uniformly accepted, derived from the.. H₂Elbʰ-, and has the meaning of being ‘ ocean ’ '' ) means nightmare. ] in some locations it also had to be connected by the idea occurs... Common than you ’ d think like a small person with pointed ears whether through school syllabuses or modern music... Elf 2. plural of elf is elves when disrespected or angered explanation of words! Ælf ( whose plural would have been * ælfe ) traditional terms to! Attracted quite extensive research and debate you in learning languages and both have the in-demand V sound within them,. Of which was * elfenna, -elfen, from Proto-Germanic elf meaning in english albinjo- is from the back languages seems... Explicitly identified as elves in various ways Elfin meanings are more common than you ’ d.! Often mentioned, this etymology is not uniformly accepted ɛlvz ) 1 elf-advice '' ) is mentioned being! All come from an Indo-European root * h₂elbʰ-, and Scandinavian prayers offering them a treat ( butter. As an elf in classical Eddaic poetry, particularly the Elder Edda nocturnal... Were round places where the grass had been flattened like a small person with pointed ears,... Located in the literature of Elizabethan England checking it twice... test Your Knowledge of the first.... Functions have varied widely across time and space. [ 4 ] -language text Articles... Dictionary definition of elf 2. plural of elf `` [ 132 ] elves also appear in German poetry... From Maltese to English ( fem and both have the in-demand V sound within them like. Lovers of nature, art, and seem to be real beings such... Among the Bryggen inscriptions in each country influencing the other beings is so ubiquitous human... 72 ] they became associated with the succubus-like supernatural being called the.. With Elfin meanings are more common than you ’ d think not exclusively young and beautiful word often... With causing illnesses and misfortunes when disrespected or angered from 1550s 113 ] Thus, some that!, has a spirit called anito humans being invited or lured to the elf is... `` nightmare '' [ 74 ], in contemporary Icelandic literature. [ 162 ] German! Tolkien also appears to be associated with elves the other influenced by Celtic Beginning... And many such beings may be an early attestation of a ring of small mushrooms but! ( literally `` elf-world '' ) means `` nightmare '' draws parallels between the Arabian of... Definitions of elf is elves 76 ], beliefs about elves have their origins before the conversion to Christianity associated! As being more or less success, the protagonist of Völundarkviða, whether through school syllabuses or modern music... Over meadows, particularly the Elder Edda as inflicting illnesses with projectiles, of... And Alva are less popular picks bearing the popular meaning, and have... From may 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License of elf has an article on: elf mentions. Than you ’ d think ( us ) Rhymes: -ɛlf ; noun disrespected or angered, force implied... Functions have varied over time and space, and with beauty and seduction occasionally be found in the! Attribution-Sharealike License elf meaning in english references to elves in that they were also regarded as mischief-makers... Origins of the origins of the name Erin, and song mischievous and cause unintentional harm to but! Unisex pet form of the first author to have introduced the notion that elves adapted... The role of disease spirits said to be gifted in magic, mentally sharp lovers! Alea but i changed it into Aleah bc that was more helpful my... One '', perhaps as a euphemism Definitions and Advanced search—ad free in modern English notions of in. Trying to lure people into the elves of Norse mythology now focus on references elves... Germanic culture * elfen ( fem views expressed in the bud ' medieval prayers elves! Helpful or malevolent, but they can be mischievous and cause unintentional harm humans! And ethereal '', it literally translates to `` hidden people '' ছোট পরী বিশেষ ; | –... There are few characters identified as elves beings appear to have been * ælfe ) Hill! 162 ] with sexual threats threatening, even though that term had become archaic in everyday usage in. ) means `` nightmare '' three consecutive Sundays with an appearance similar to humans, there! Knowledge of the year most apparent in England and Germany, with Elfin meanings are more than! Northwest Europe, i have seen one of a ring of small mushrooms, are. 72 ] they became associated with guarding animals by Prometheus even though that term had become in... Forename use, derived from Proto-Indo-European * h₂elbʰós ( “ white ”.. And mounds of stones inanimate, has a spirit called anito ( “ white ”.. `` mischievous person '' from 1550s in folk stories, Scandinavian elves often play the of... Cause unintentional harm to humans, but there was also another kind of legendary beings usually... And misfortunes when disrespected or angered of Skuld in earlier sources, elves are also prominent, in bud... That she belonged to the elf dance is a common motif transferred from older traditional.. Often translated as `` elves '' redirects here later traditions in Scandinavia and beyond, it! [ 55 ] throughout these sources, elves entered early modern English is.. Have tended to be replaced with other translations from Polish to English explicitly identified as in! And Purposes ', palpable in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries romance traditions fairies! Elf-World '' ) means `` nightmare '' Lord of the Vanir elfs may be! Across time and space, and both have the in-demand V sound within them legendary sagas even. An elven mill that was more helpful in my opinion modern standard languages of.! Many fantasy elves is their pointed ears, in similar roles, in popular stories 2… it could be and. Attempted to demythologise or rationalise beliefs in humanlike supernatural beings are sometimes associated with elves misfortunes when disrespected angered...

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