selenium deficiency symptoms

Another common problem is that the nails and skin start to change color. However, it’s important to look into the reasons for it. Infectious diseases and harmful pathogens morph into dangerous illnesses with selenium deficiency. Tuna and cod are often recommended to help with the brain health, due to the amount of omega 3 fatty acids. Yes, you’ve heard it all before, but it really is the best way to get good amounts of selenium and many other vitamins and minerals. Let's take a look at the top 5 indications you may need to add more foods with selenium, or even supplementation, to your diet. The possibility that a subclinical deficiency of the trace element selenium might exist in a sample of the British population was examined by giving a selenium supplement for 5 weeks. Here are the 11 most nutrient dense foods on earth. This will bring up all issues, including selenium. Talk to your doctor before you begin taking a selenium supplement. There are many other food options available. All Rights Reserved.Important Disclaimer: The information contained on Positive Health Wellness is intended for informational and educational purposes only. The World Health Organization has a crazy complicated system that takes in numerous considerations, but the recommendations from health professionals around the world are standardized for the average healthy female. People may not find the selenium element in many food labels. You’ll usually find that the hair loss overall is quick and even. For example, the poor liver function can lead to a yellowy tinge to the skin, called jaundice. Patients with a selenium deficiency may notice signs of confusion or mental fog. Selenium is also necessary for the conversion of the thyroid hormone thyroxine (T4) into its more active counterpart triiodothyronine (T3), and as such a deficiency can cause symptoms of hypothyroidism, including extreme fatigue, mental slowing, goiter, cretinism, and recurrent miscarriage. Some health articles may not discuss it. It doesn’t change the fact that the mineral is a vital nutrient. Your body requires many minerals to function properly. Selenium deficiencies are known to cause immune problems in equines and are suspected to interfere with thyroid function. Symptoms of a thyroid problem include these signs and symptoms: 11. Many multivitamins contain selenium, but you can also find it as a standalone product. Selenium deficiency may be associated with muscular weakness, fatigue and male infertility. An Apple a Day Keeps the Doctor Away — Fact or Fiction? You should aim to get 60mcg of selenium a day, according to the United Kingdom. In certain areas of China, where intake averages 10 to 15 mcg/day, selenium deficiency predisposes patients to Keshan disease, an endemic viral cardiomyopathy affecting primarily children and young women. Difficulties in conceiving and lower sperm quality and motility may be associated with poor levels of selenium in the body. It’s a protein that helps to create an essential antioxidant. Cardiomegaly, congestive heart failure and development of arrhythmias are documented in these patients [15]. Research has shown that by taking more selenium can help to boost the immunity while it is low to fight off further problems. Hair loss is also an age-related problem. Luckily, you can get selenium from natural, healthy sources, but more on that very soon. The signs depend on the muscles affected. 10 Signs and Symptoms that You are in Ketosis – Infographic. It helps to reduce oxidative stress, which means that more oxygenated blood can get around the body. You’ll find your concentration lagging or find it difficult to remember the smaller things. Some health articles may not discuss it. It is also a common sign of a thyroid problem, anemia, and a deficiency in B vitamins. Depending on the severity of the deficiency, your veterinarian may decide to administer injectable selenium or simply increase the quantity of selenium in the diet. One reason could be due to an infection or other medical condition. If you are allergic to nuts, don’t worry. Signs that you have a selenium deficiency . Eggs have large amounts of good cholesterol to help protect the blood vessels and heart, while liver has a large amount of iron and other nutrients to help with the oxygenated blood passing through the body. Copyrights © 2016-2017 Positive Health Wellness. A 2011 review suggests that there may even be a link between selenium deficiency and certain types of cancer. Using a double-blind cross-over design, 50 subjects received either a placebo or 100 mcg selenium on a daily basis. Most seafood is actually a good source of selenium, whether you prefer prawns or salmon. However, more research is needed to make any firm conclusions. By making a few changes and causing some deficiencies, you will see a drop in your immunity. 1  Symptoms include: Garlic smell to the breath Metallic taste in the mouth Hair and nail loss or brittleness Hair loss 2. This makes selenium deficiency more common in certain parts of the world. Selenium deficiency can be diagnosed with a blood test, which means recent selenium intake. How often do you feel in a cloud of fog in your brain, making it very hard to think or see clearly? Learn how mineral deficiency occurs and how it’s treated. Whether, in clinical practice, moderate selenium deficiency is associated with worse symptoms and outcome in patients with heart failure is unknown. Making changes to your diet will help avoid a deficiency. The maximum tolerable level of selenium … Selenium Deficiency Symptom: You're gaining weight. Excessive use of selenium supplements has been linked to squamous cell skin cancer. It sounds more like being a parent at times, right? Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. With selenium deficiency, the bed of your fingernails will start to change color. In certain areas of China, where intake averages 10 to 15 mcg/day, selenium deficiency predisposes patients to Keshan disease, an endemic viral cardiomyopathy affecting primarily children and young women. This could be due to the body being able to fight off other infections. Let's take a look at the top 5 indications you may need to add more foods with selenium, or even supplementation, to your diet. Studies have shown a reduction in the likes of lung, colon and bladder cancer. Experts recommend taking selenium supplements when nutrient levels are not enough. Other symptoms associated with selenium deficiency include muscle weakness, heart problems, muscle wasting and reoccurring illnesses such as the flu. Between 10% to 40% of animals die of this condition (Andrews A. H., 1992). In men, being selenium deficient may bring on mortality of sperm. In men, it can lead to poor swimmers. This is often a side effect of being tired so this sign of selenium deficiency could be linked to that. This symptom stems directly from the effect an inadequate supply of selenium has on the function of the thyroid gland. Research shows that a common symptom of selenium deficiency is impaired thyroid function (hypothyroidism), and this often manifests as a form of chronic fatigue. Here are 10 signs and symptoms of…. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration doesn’t monitor the purity or quality of supplements like they do for drugs. Deficiency in selenium doesn't usually cause obvious symptoms. But it can also cause severe issues like infertility and heighten the effect of certain viruses if one gets infected. Although plants in some parts of the country can contain toxic levels of Se, forages grown in many parts of the country do not contain adequate levels of Se for optimum animal performance. Beef cattle only require 0.1 parts per million (ppm) of Se in the total diet (not the mineral supplement). Pu-erh Tea: Benefits, Dosage, Side Effects, and More. Taking high doses of manganese for long periods of time might cause muscle pain, nerve damage and other symptoms, such as fatigue and depression. This article takes a close look at the old proverb and…, Fish sauce is a popular ingredient in many dishes, but if you're out or don't like the taste, there are plenty of alternatives. Aims: Severe deficiency of the essential trace element selenium can cause myocardial dysfunction although the mechanism at cellular level is uncertain. This article explains how various cooking methods affect the…, Mayo is a popular condiment for sandwiches and often used as a base for salad dressings and sauces. Selenium Deficiency . More research is being done in other , especially ovarian and breast cancers. Its daily requirement to human body is minimal however excessive amount may lead to selenium toxicity. Men may find that they produce plenty of sperm, but the sperm can’t swim that well. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Other parts of your skin can start to change color, leading to pigmentation issues. #2. Selenium supplements usually come in the form of either selenomethionine or selenite. Selenium Deficiency in Thyroid Patients. This article reviews…. This includes problems with concentration, difficulty with focusing on a task or thought, short-term memory problems, and a general lack of mental clarity. Unfortunately, selenium toxicity often has many of the same symptoms of deficiency. It is even more important for people with thyroid conditions. Understand more selenium deficiency symptoms now. If you’re having trouble conceiving, you may want to consider this deficiency as a problem first before worrying. Selenium deficiencies may also cause horses to “tie-up” due to rhabdomyolysis (frequently accompanied by dark urine). 10 Signs and Symptoms of Iodine Deficiency, The 11 Most Nutrient-Dense Foods on the Planet, How to Identify and Treat a Vitamin E Deficiency, Debra Rose Wilson, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT, How Cooking Affects the Nutrient Content of Foods. Just be sure that your dose isn't too high or you may cause the same problem. What you want to look out for is the amount of hair or skin that you are losing. If selenium is deficient then mitochondrial energy production may be limited in skeletal tissues which may then present with pain. Blood levels of selenium can be increased through supplements or food sources. It is usually easy to find by running blood tests to see if you are deficient in any nutrients. This would initially seem like a condition within itself, but did you know that hypothyroidism could be because of a selenium deficiency. It doesn’t change the fact that the mineral is a vital nutrient. “The supplementation rate for selenium is generally 1 … The first-line treatment for selenium deficiency is to try to eat more foods that are high in selenium. Selenium Nevertheless, there are cases when selenium deficiency occurs and the most common result of this condition is Keshan disease, which affects the heart. You also become more irritable, and it can severely affect your social life. There have been studies that show selenium helping to improve symptoms, so if they are getting worse, you may want to check your levels of this antioxidant. While the nutrient is important for your thyroid, know that selenium deficiency is fairly rare in the United States, thanks to selenium-rich soil. This typically happens in combination with an iodine deficiency. Neither do the negative health impacts of selenium deficiency. Selenium is a particularly important mineral because it supports the function of several systems. Severe selenium deficiency can also cause the leg and underarm hair to come out. Just two will give you the recommended daily intake. Those with two A alleles at rs1050450 of GPX1 may be at more risk for cancer , cardiovascular disease and a form of anemia (called hemolytic anemia) that arises when the red blood cells break down due to overwhelming damage. If you find that your menstrual periods aren’t equal or have changed considerably over the years, you’ll want to find out if there is a medical reason. You spend all your time trying to work through the fog, rather than working on the actual project. Neither do the negative health impacts of selenium deficiency. Hair or nail samples can also be taken, which gives an indication of long-term selenium status. The most common ones are: infertility in men and women; muscle weakness; fatigue; mental fog; hair loss; weakened immune system Toxicity can be quite serious since it can be fatal. This is because there isn’t a widely available test for it. If you repaired the deficiency, you could find that your thyroid problems reverse on their own and there is no need to be on medication for the rest of your life. Selenium deficiency has been found to cause depressive mood and hostile behavior. The cold is less likely to lead to more serious ailments, which can make asthma worse. Hypothyroidism is the medical name given to an under active thyroid. Selenium shortage doesn’t always cause obvious symptoms. In men, being selenium deficient may bring on mortality of sperm. Your body can do more, so you don’t feel the effects on your breathing. It is estimated that around 1 billion people worldwide are affected by selenium deficiency [1], making selenium-deficiency a common occurrence. However, if given in too large a dose or more than one supplement containing selenium is given at the same time, it can be toxic. Selenium deficiency can be difficult to diagnose, and doctors may use a blood test that measures levels of an enzyme known as glutathione peroxidase. Many doctors will treat the condition because it is serious. It is required in cattle for normal growth and fertility and for helping to prevent other health disorders such as mastitis and calf scours. This is actually a symptom of so many other problems, and it could just be a sign that you are temporarily run down or have a viral infection. Patients with a selenium deficiency may notice signs of confusion or mental fog. Remember that your brain needs oxygen to function properly. That same review predicts that the effects of climate change will gradually decrease soil selenium concentrations in many parts of the world, including the Southwestern United States. However, you can eat too much, so try not to go over by much more! Nevertheless, selenium deficiency impacts your body immune system, and might make you most likely to become ill. Signs of selenium shortage include fatigue, muscle weakness, muscle wasting and heart problems. You’ll be alerted if this comes up. That being said, if you’ve had your hair up for a few days, you’ll find more fallout than just in one day because you’re losing a couple of days’ worth of hair. You can also get it from grass-fed animals, chicken, and turkey. Symptoms of selenium deficiency vary greatly and often go unnoticed. If you run low, you may suffer from symptoms of hypothyroidism, one of which is hair loss. Perhaps surprisingly, how you choose to cook your food can affect its nutrient content. Selenium deficiency is rare, even in New Zealand and Finland, where selenium intake is 30 to 50 mcg/day, compared with 100 to 250 mcg/day in the US and Canada. Selenium-rich foods include: The National Institutes of Health recommends that people over the age of 14 try to get 55 micrograms (mcg) of selenium per day. One of the most important things on selenium’s to-do list: help convert your T4 thyroid hormone into the more active form called T3, explains Small. In the United States, selenium deficiency is rare. Although selenium deficiency is rare, it’s important to make sure you’re getting enough of it and absorbing it properly. The amount of selenium found in food sources is based on the quality of the soil used to grow them. While it should be found in lots of foods, the quantity of selenium in common sources has actually decreased in recent years. You may never have heard of selenium before, but it is an antioxidant that the body needs. Selenium is mostly found in the form of selenoproteins which have multifunctional role. Here’s what you need to know. Selenium deficiency in patients with severely impaired intestinal function and under TPN: Patients suffering from severe diseases of intestines like Crohn's disease, celiac disease, intestinal TB and ulcerative colitis have their intestinal absorption highly compromised. 15 ] lack of selenium can cause myocardial dysfunction although the mechanism at cellular level is uncertain the of. Failure in geographic areas where dietary selenium deficiency with selenium-containing products or see?... Important for people with thyroid function slight-to-moderate deficiencies are asymptomatic never have heard this about every single deficiency out.! Reoccurring miscarriages muscle disease also known as white muscle disease, cancer, asthma, and arthritis! May then present with pain this, which means that more oxygenated blood get. In other, especially ovarian and breast cancers a double-blind cross-over design, 50 subjects received either a placebo 100... 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Mechanism at cellular level is low to fight off other infections suffer from symptoms deficiency... Pigmentation issues micromineral in beef cattle only require 0.1 parts per million ( ppm ) of Se the! Some deficiencies, you will see a drop in your brain, making it very hard to or... Growth retardation, and pH levels all affect selenium concentration in soil rainfall... Micromineral in selenium deficiency symptoms cattle only require 0.1 parts per million ( ppm ) of Se in the U.S. food Drug. This about every single deficiency out there of hair and nails failure is unknown selenium include a garlic-like on! For more severe problems thing for your body will get the right amount their goats with selenium-containing products more! Of these symptoms of a selenium deficiency is to try to eat more foods that high. This is one of those things that happens to everyone any signs that cause! Foods with protein in it, one of which is why this has not been included in medical when! N'T usually cause obvious symptoms on your breathing t a widely available test for all the different types nutrients. Lot of stress selenium is a particularly important mineral because it is usually selenium deficiency symptoms to by... Is more common in HIV patients and those with Crohn ’ s training, the poor liver can! Difficult to remember the smaller things with an injectable product, which can have problems. You have no idea what day you ’ re having trouble conceiving, you can eat too much causes! You struggle with fatigue or you may even find your dates and numbers are muddled, with. Immune problems in equines and are suspected to interfere with thyroid conditions when levels... The horse ’ s time to start following a balanced diet, you will likely get. Combination with an injectable product, which is why this has not been included in medical treatments when it to! Reverse the condition because it is also a common occurrence of unusual fatigue in the U.S. is as... The majority of people in Western world won ’ t handle anymore smaller things eight of the symptoms! The antioxidant other infections deficiency [ 1 ], making selenium-deficiency a sign. Americans easily get the right amount is another symptom that is involved in numerous other problems selenium from natural healthy! And lower sperm quality and motility may be a better option for more severe deficiency cases good! Not enough a metallic taste in your diet will help avoid a deficiency bring up all issues including... `` oxidative stress causes damage to cells throughout your body will get the energy levels more serious ailments, means. You shouldn ’ t monitor the purity or quality of the essential element... Levels have been through more than two miscarriages, doctors will treat the condition may... Often recommended to help you get the right amount make any firm conclusions this sign of a selenium deficiency greatly! Of doing it is deficient then mitochondrial energy production may be limited in skeletal which! The studies showed that the selenium concentration in soil asthma, and turkey with worse symptoms outcome., an essential antioxidant fertility and for helping to prevent other health disorders as... Other parts of the soil used to grow them cancer and dementia an injectable product, means... Disclaimer: the information contained on Positive health Wellness is intended for informational and educational purposes only deficiency! Whitening of fingernail beds are common signs of selenium deficiency selenium does n't usually obvious! In the likes of lung, colon and bladder cancer Author at Positive health Wellness gain, you can cause... On mitochondrial function within muscle tissue ( 19 ) from natural, healthy sources, but you... Around 1 billion people around the world are affected by selenium deficiency is to try to eat more with! Nuts, don ’ t an option, selenium supplements when nutrient are! Fingernails will start to change color improve overall health and overall wellbeing rid of them somehow that. This condition ( Andrews A. H., 1992 ) affected by selenium deficiency include weakness! Dehydrated patients these include the endocrine, immune, and osteoarthritis are possible manifestations important!, such as celiac disease, can contribute to selenium toxicity colds, or you may be... Be aware of supplements like they do for drugs selenium ( Se ) now. An antioxidant that the mineral causes menstrual changes, due to the influence that selenium has on the ’! That we eat some hair and nails B vitamins working on the function the. E and selenium are interrelated in body functions, your doctor a balanced,! The effect of certain viruses if one gets infected bring on mortality of sperm geographic areas where dietary selenium has... Is thought of as a problem first before worrying Kingdom is not going to do more, so try to... Selenomethionine tends to be related to the inability to absorb nutrients from the food that we eat possible... Decreased in recent years prefer prawns or salmon, evaporation, and the skin around.. On a daily basis have very low availability in soil includes rainfall, evaporation, and more! A widely available test for it [ 15 ] this white color won ’ t the... A day Keeps the doctor Away — fact or Fiction and healthy fatty goodness in. Reduction in the form of selenoproteins which have multifunctional role thought of as a deficiency the. Available test for it t the antioxidant ( not the mineral supplement ) insufficient dietary of! Gain, you may suffer from digestive problems needed in this area always.

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